Colo, a western (Africa) lowland gorilla, and first born in human captivity turned 60 years old, Dec. 22
By MINDY WEISBERGER
COLUMBUS, Ohio (LiveScience.com) — The first gorilla born in human care turned 60 today (Dec. 22) at her home in the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Ohio.
Colo, whose name is a combination of “Columbus” and “Ohio,” is a western lowland gorilla, and is the oldest gorilla in the world. Born in 1956, she first broke this record in 2012 when she turned 56, already decades beyond a gorilla’s typical life expectancy, which is about 30 to 40 years old.
Now entering her seventh decade, Colo’s birth and subsequent reproductive success represent years of progress in the care and breeding of captive gorillas, the Columbus Zoo said in a statement. But she also draws attention to the plight of gorillas in the wild, which are increasingly under threat from poachers and from habitat destruction. [Colo, World’s Oldest Gorilla, Turns 60 (Photos)]
When Colo was born at the Columbus Zoo, scientists knew little about gorilla pregnancy, and she arrived several weeks sooner than expected, according to a 2009 video about her life by Columbus Zoo Media. In the video, a narrator describes a zookeeper discovering a newborn Colo, still in her amniotic sac, on the gorilla enclosure floor in the early morning hours of Dec. 22, 1956, abandoned by her mother.
Newborn Colo weighed 3.75 lbs. (1.7 kilograms) and measured 15 inches (38 centimeters) in length. Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Zoo staff provided 24-hour care for the infant, and she grew and thrived under their attention. In 1958, she was introduced to a male gorilla, Bongo, who became her companion and mate for the next 25 years, and with whom she produced three young gorillas, two females, and a male. Over the years, Colo’s offspring brought her 16 grandchildren, 12 great-grandchildren, and three great-great-grandchildren. “JJ,” the most recent gorilla arrival at the zoo, was born Sept. 28 and is Colo’s great-grandson.
Colo currently lives in close proximity to other gorillas, but her keepers have made special arrangements to accommodate her dietary and social needs as she ages. She has her own enclosure, as she appeared to be more comfortable spending her days apart from the larger groups, said Audra Meinelt, the assistant curator of the Congo Expedition at the Columbus Zoo.
In recent years, Colo has also been particularly challenged by arthritis, just as aging humans can be, Meinelt told Live Science. Dietary supplements help to counteract stiffness, while zoo staff has modified structures in Colo’s living space to make it easier for her to get around; they also created enrichment devices to encourage Colo to use her digits.
“Her arthritis is very specific to her hands and feet, so we came up with ways to get her to use her fingers more often,” Meinelt said. “We also changed the way that we present her diet, so that also causes her to exercise her fingers.”
Colo’s diet has changed as she’s gotten older, partly because she’s become choosier about what she eats, Dana Hatcher, manager of animal nutrition at the Columbus Zoo, told Live Science.
“She doesn’t like zucchini, or green beans, or grapes, or honeydew, or cantaloupe, or oranges or strawberries,” Hatcher said. But Colo still gets plenty of variety in her diet, along with probiotics, brewer’s yeast for additional B vitamins and lots of iceberg lettuce, which helps keep her hydrated.
Mindy Weisberger is a senior writer for LiveScience.com